How do the drawing systems and sequential images of cultures around the world differ? Is there systematicity underlying the diversity of structures in these different visual languages? To answer these questions we have been analyzing comics from around the world.
The Visual Language Research Corpus (VLRC) is a corpus of annotated comics analyzing the structures in visual languages of the world. The VLRC is made up of ~36,000 coded panels from 300+ comics from Europe, Asia, and the United States, across time periods (1940-present), and various genres. It also includes annotation of the entire run of the Calvin & Hobbes comic strip.
The content of annotations includes coding of panel framing, semantic relations between panels, external compositional structure (page layout), multimodality, and a variety of other structures of visual languages.
We intend to make the VLRC accessible to other researchers at this web-address along with documentation sometime in 2022.
We are continuing corpus research with the TINTIN Project funded by a European Research Council Starting Grant.
Want to read more about the VLRC Project? Check out our VLRC related blog posts with periodic updates and insights.
These publications report patterns found in the VLRC:
Several publishers have contributed to this research by generously donating comics to our growing corpus of research materials. They include:
Their support is greatly appreciated! If you or your company would like to donate materials to our current research, please contact me.
The VLRC was coded by several student researchers at UC San Diego and Tilburg University. The include:
Jessika Axnér, Justin Brookshier, Michaela Diercks, Mark Dierick, Sean Ehly, Ryan Huffman, Kaitlin Pederson, Ryan Taylor, Lincy van Middelaar, Vivian Wong, Rebecca Yeh